Pneuma and friends at their Banff Centre residency, March 2015. Photo Cam Neufeld.

Pneuma Ensemble:

Eleanor Verrette: medieval vielle
Gaven Dianda: medieval gittern
Tricia Postle: medieval psaltery, voice

Pneuma Ensemble is a Toronto-based early music group focused on 11th-14th C. medieval monophony (such as troubadour song and minnesang) using historically informed performance and medieval instruments.

Pneuma (πνεῦμα) is an ancient Greek word for "breath," "spirit," or "soul."
It has various meanings for medical writers and philosophers of classical antiquity.

A neume (/ˈnjuːm/) is the basic element of musical notation before the invention of five-line staff notation.
The earliest neumes indicated the general melodic shape, but not necessarily the exact notes or rhythms.

Pneuma Ensemble is generously supported by: